The rich evidence derived from excavations in the wetlands of the Rhine/Meue delta has revealed that the neolithisation of the Lower Rhine Basin, to the north of the loess, was a long lasting and phased process. Between 5300 and 3400 cal BC three main phases can be identified, characterised here as a material, an economic/ideological and a social   stage. Schipluiden represents the start of the last stage, in which a local community of several households settled permanently for many generations at one place, while fences and an extensive cluster of short lived wells demonstrate collective activities of the entire local group. In subsistence and mode of life the best of the « old » and the « new » were combined. Inspiration came from the south, from the Spiere and Michelsberg communities. Microregional divergent trajectories in neolithisation are seen as reflecting variation in agency on a local level.