The present paper aims at giving an overview of recent discoveries related to the Neolithic occupation of the sandy lowlands of Belgium, with main emphasis on its NW part, called Sandy Flanders. Thanks to recent large scale salvage operations, our insights into the Neolithic occupation of this area, which were so far very restricted, have improved considerably and continue to do so. Neolithic occupation starts around 4000 cal BC with an northern extension of the Michelsberg Culture / groupe of Spiere from the upper Scheldt basin. A second phase of northern expansion occurs almost one millennium later and is connected with the appearance of the Deƻle-Escaut group. Several Bell Beaker finds inform us about the end of the Neolithic.