Palaeoethnobotanical and archaeozoological data from over 60 rural settlements in northern Gaul are examined. The distribution of cultivated plants and domestic animals shows that there are clear relationships between the two, as well as regional particularities. In the northernmost part of the study area (Nord/Pas-de-Calais and North Picardy) the prevalence of hulled wheat (emmer and spelt) is linked to a marked presence of cattle. In the southern part (southern Picardy and Ile de France) the characteristic association is sheep with a much more marked presence of naked wheat of the bread wheat variety. Possible factors explaining these particularities (environmental factors, agropastoral traditions, economic rules or choices)

Traduction Thérèse Matterne et Mike Ilett.